Discovery of Gold in Australia
Australia 1851 was notable for the extension
of representative Government to all the Australian colonies
and for the first gold-field at Bathurst.
Early Rumours of Gold: Specimens had been found by
convicts; Count Strzelecki, Mr Clarke and Sir R. Murchinson
expressed their belief that gold existed in Australia.
Edward Hargraves 1851 : Hargraves, a Bathurst
settler, returned from California, with a hunch about gold
fields in Autralia. He eventually discovered a gold-field on
Summerhill Creek, near the Macquarie river.
Rush to the Gold Fields of
Bathurst was at first checked by the reports
of disappointed gold diggers, but afterwards increased by
the finding of a nugget worth £4,000.
Government Gold Regulations :
Commissioners were appointed to superintend the gold fields
at Ophir, Braidwood and Maroo ;and thirty shillings per
month were charged for miner's license.
Gold In Victoria - In 1851 Gold was found in
Victoria by Esmond, at Clunes ; also (through the reward
offered by the Gold Discovery Committee), on the Plenty
Ranges and Anderson's Creek.
Gold in Ballarat - In 1851 Ballarat was opened
up by the prospectors from Clunes and Buninyong; a miner
having dug below the claybeds found pockets of gold and
Ballarat became the richest field in the world.
Gold at Mount Alexander - 1852 Sandhurst on
the Bendigo Creek, attracted great number pf men ;
Melbourne and Geelong were almost deserted.
Immigration During Australia's Goldrush -
Immigration raised the population from 70,000 (in 1850) to
400,000 (in 1856). Up to 1862 about £120,000,000 worth of
gold was exported.