New South Wales from 1808 to 1837
Governor Lachlan Macquarie is sent out the the colony in 1808 - The New South Wales Corps is disbanded - Macquarie becomes active in promoting the welfare of the colony.
Road Over The Blue Mountains - In 1813 a pass is discovered by Wentworth, Lawson and Blaxland - Road constructed in 1815 by Macquarie - Bathurst founded- Squatters drive their sheep across the mountains.
Governor Thomas Brisbane arrived in 1821 - He encouraged the introduction of free settlers - The squatters prosper - Great demand for convict shepherds - The Government farms break up as a consequence.
Governor Ralph Darling arrives in 1825 - Formation of the Australian Agricultural Company - It proves of great service to the colony.
Legislative Council established in 1829 - Consisted of fifteen members, who made laws for the colony- Its first act was to introduce the Jury System.
The Newspaper War - Sydney Gazette had been established in 1803 - During Government of Brisbane, two Opposition papers were started - These papers criticised Governor Darling- Make the most of the case of Sudds and Thompson, tow soldiers whose sentences Darling had altered - Violent altercations - Darling recalled in 1831.
Governor Richard Burke - The most talented of the Sydney Governors and extremely popular. Land Question - Governor Bourke put up all surveyed lands to auction, not to be sold for less than five shillings an acre - The proceeds were used to assist immigration. Squatters - Unsurveyed lands leased to squatters - This gives the squatting interest more stbility - Bourke retires in 1837.